Constitution of Ursundova
We, the Citizens, Clergy, and Nobility of the Kingdom of Ursundova, in order to establish a just rule of law, provide for the common defense, and secure for ourselves and our posterity the blessings of a free people, do ordain and and establish this Constitution as the supreme law of our nation.
I. Establishment of Estates
The people of Ursundova shall be divided into three separate estates. Each estate shall be granted rights and privileges and each estate shall bear responsibilities. No person shall be denied entry or passage into any estate for reasons not established in law. The First Estate shall be that of the Citizenry. The Second Estate shall be that of the Clergy. The Third Estate shall be that of the Nobility.
II. The First Estate
Any person not explicitly a member of the other two estates who has taken the oath of citizenship shall be considered a Citizen of Ursundova. The authorities of Ursundova shall make no law abridging a Citizen’s freedom of speech, or of the press, or of the right of the Citizens to peaceably assemble, or to petition the government for a redress of grievances, or to cast votes in legal elections. The authorities of Ursundova shall make no law prohibiting the free exercise of religion within such bounds as are established by the Second Estate.
Citizens shall be represented by the National Assembly, which shall be composed of Citizens elected in legislative districts as determined in law. Citizens shall be required to vote in elections of the National Assembly. The National Assembly shall ensure that the Royal Authority and his Lords are aware of concerns of their constituents. The National Assembly shall have the authority to petition the Royal Authority for an official audience. The Royal Authority must provide a timely response to any such petition.
Legislative authority shall be vested in the National Assembly, insofar as they shall be authorized to propose both new law and revision to current law. Such proposals shall be debated in a public forum and, upon a two-thirds vote of the Assembly, shall be forwarded to the Privy Council and Royal Authority for consideration. The National Assembly shall maintain full awareness of the Nation’s taxes and expenditures. The National Assembly shall have the authority to audit the national treasury and debate the Nation’s budget in a public forum.
The National Assembly shall elect from its membership a High Councilor, who shall sit on the Privy Council of the Kingdom.
Citizens may further organize representation to Lords and Barons. Lords and Barons shall be required to provide timely response to submitted petitions.
II. The Second Estate
All servants of churches recognized by the authorities of the Second Estate, and not members of any other Estate, shall be members of the Second Estate. The composition and character of the authorities of the Second Estate shall be the prerogative of the High Cleric of Ursundova, who shall sit on the Privy Council of the Kingdom. Each recognized church shall retain the right to determine its own composition and character.
IV. The Third Estate
The King, Queen, Barons, Lords, Knights, and Squires of the Realm shall comprise the Nobility. All members of the Nobility may be called to serve in defense of the Kingdom at any time.
A. The Royal Authority
The Royal Authority, be they a King or Queen, shall bear final and ultimate responsibility for the safety and prosperity of the realm. If lawfully married, the spouse of the Royal Authority may share in all responsibilities. Executive authority shall be vested in the Royal Authority, in Barons as are created by the Royal Authority, and in the Lords of the various Ridings of the Kingdom.
The Royal Authority shall be ultimately responsible for the enforcement and execution of law within the Kingdom. No proposal of legislative authorities shall become law without the signature and seal of the Royal Authority. Laws bearing the signature and seal of the Royal Authority shall supercede any law, save this Constitution.
The Royal Authority shall serve as the Commander-in-Chief for all Kingdom military forces. He or she may require the opinion, in writing, of the members of his or her Privy Council upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices. He or she shall have the authority to negotiate treaties and alliances with other nations and powers, as well as to declare war and sue for peace. He or she shall have the right of judicial review as pertains to any matter presented to a magistrate of the Kingdom, rendering his or her own judgment on the matter. He or she shall have the right to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the Kingdom.
The Royal Authority shall organize and make public the results of a national census every six years. The results of the most recent census shall be used by the National Assembly in determining its own composition.
The Royal Authority shall determine the delegation and succession of his or her powers. Any and all decrees and orders of the Royal Authority shall be subject to review and counsel by the National Assembly, the Royal Council, and the Privy Council.
B. The Privy Council
The Privy Council shall be led by the Royal Authority and comprised of such persons as are deemed necessary by the Royal Authority. With the exceptions of the High Councilor and the High Cleric, members of the Privy Council shall be granted the title of Lord, with such privileges and powers as are appropriate to the rank and their office.
The King shall invest legislative and executive authority within Barons that shall oversee Baronies. Baronies shall be defined as contiguous areas of land within the declared political borders of the realm. The borders of each Barony shall be defined by decree of the Royal Authority.
Barons shall enforce and execute law within the boundaries of their Barony. Barons shall be responsible for the processing of tax receipts within their baronies and the delivery of tax revenue to the national treasury. Barons shall be responsible for the raising and maintenance of forces to maintain the King’s Peace.
Barons shall have the right to create laws and regulations within the boundaries of their Barony. They shall have the right to create Knights to assist in the execution of their duties, and shall bear personal and pecuniary responsibility for those Knights.
Each Baron shall hold an open court at least once per season to hear reports from Knights and local Lords, as well as to address petitions of the Citizenry.
Local and specific authorities shall be invested in Lords. A lord’s authority may be related to territory, law, or specific areas of concern to the Royal Authority.
1. Lords of the Ridings
A Riding shall be defined as a contiguous area of approximately 125 square miles. Each Riding shall be have a Lord, as raised by the Royal Authority upon the advice of the Royal Council. Lords of the Ridings shall enforce and execute law within the boundaries of their Ridings. They shall be responsible for collection of taxes, processing of tax receipts, and delivery of tax revenue to the Baron who presides over the Barony in which their Riding is situated. Lords of the Ridings shall be responsible for the raising and maintenance of forces to maintain the King’s Peace.
2. Lord Justices
Judicial authority shall be invested in Lord Justices, who shall be appointed by the Royal Authority with the advice of the Royal Council. Lord Justices shall be empowered to hear all civil and criminal matters within the Kingdom and to render judgment in such matters. Any party dissatisfied with a Lord Justice’s judgment may appeal to the Lord Chief Justice or the Royal Authority for review, or may request trial by combat.
3. Lords in Council
The members of the Privy Council, save for the High Councilor and the High Cleric, shall be invested with the title of Lord. They shall be responsible for raising such forces and departments as are needed for the execution of their duties. They shall be empowered to raise Knights to assist in the execution of their duties and shall bear personal and pecuniary responsibility for those Knights.
Knights shall be responsible for providing good service to their Lords in the discharge of their duties, as appropriate to the Lord’s office they were commissioned by. Knights shall have the authority to name squires to assist them in the discharge of their responsibilities. Knights shall bear personal and pecuniary responsibility for those squires of their own creation. Knights shall serve at the pleasure of the Lord or Baron they were commissioned by.
F. The Royal Council
The Royal Council shall be comprised of the Barons of the Kingdom and the leadership of the Second Estate, as established by their own regulations. The Royal Council shall review and give an opinion on laws proposed by the National Assembly, on appointment of Lord Magistrates, and on appointment of persons to the Privy Council.
If they should raise an objection to a matter brought to them for review and the Royal Authority overrules said objection, he or she shall provide explanation for such action within a fortnight.
This Constitution may be amended and altered as required. Amendments must be approved by unanimous consent of the National Assembly, or by national referendum garnering approval from not less than three-fifths of the vote total. They must receive approval from the Royal Council, as demonstrated by a majority vote of the Council. They must also receive the signature and seal of the Royal Authority.